How to clean gun parts in the simplest way possible

Cleaning guns can be fairly easy for some, but it could be made even easier, if you have the proper know-how, that is. Plainly put, you’ll need a right set of tools, and the most basic understanding of how they work. We’re here to offer some tips about the most conventional gun-cleaning tools, so let’s jump right to it:

1.Gun-Cleaning Rod

Gun-cleaning rods are extremely easy to use. These little contraptions are made of variousmaterials, but all you need to know is that you need the one that’s “lighter” than the material of your gun. Most models come in a set of 2-3 attachment rods which can be attached to a convenient handle, so you can choose the one appropriate to the situation. 

On the other hand, some models (like Outers Coated Steel model, for example) feature a one-piece design. Rods such as these may not be so versatile, but they’re often more durable. Using gun-cleaning rods is fairly simple – they’re supposed to be inserted into the gun’s barrel, flushing out the grime and unnecessary objects out, but be careful, as pushing too hard might damage, or even destroy your gun.

Nevertheless, the rods are among the most frequently used gun-cleaning tools, and they’re practically ideal when combined with other cleaning items, such as gun-cleaning fluids

How to choose the best cleaning rod?

Essentially, most people go with one-piece rods, as they run the slightest risk of being stuck in the barrel. While some people prefer the detacheable rods due to their increased versatility, most guys never use them alone, so consider these models only if you’ve covered other gun-cleaning tools.Consider getting a model that comes outfitted with a handle, as you’ll benefit from increased range and leverage.

2.Gun-Cleaning Patches

Patches are, in essence, much alike to handkerchefs, and they’re to be used in combination with a cleaning rod. Once combined, you’ll get a mop-like item that will serve as a cleaning tool for your gun’s bore.

Gun-cleaning patches come in a variety of materials, but most people go with cotton patches. Above all else, make sure that your patches are entirely clean before you use them, as dirty ones will just roll over the dirt and grime inside the bore.

To make sure this is easy, supply yourself accordingly. Gun-cleaning patches are decently cheap, and most brands offer sets that are cheaper when buying single products.Essentially, the gun-cleaning patches are coated with special solvents capable of loosening the powder and fouling found inside the barrel, leaving the rest of the job to the chemicals. 

How to choose the best gun-cleaning patch?

Since they’re inexpensive, you can use pretty much any gun-cleaning patch you want. The cotton ones are somewhat of a standard, and there’s little room for error for as long as you know how to use them properly. Just make sure that you always use a clean one, though.

3.Metal Cleaning Brush

Plain simple, gun-cleaning brushes do a similar job when compared to standalone gun-cleaning rods, but with a little exception. Their construction is rougher, in a sense, whereas solo rods are capable of cleaning more precisely. Nevertheless, the metal cleaning brushes are pretty thorough and easy to use. They’re basically a substitute for gun-cleaning patches, as they’re supposed to be attached onto a cleaning rod. Most metal cleaning brushes are intended for heavy duty gun cleaning jobs, making them ideal for long guns. If you’re looking for a handgun cleaning brush, feel free to try outnylon brushes.

The downfall of cleaning brushes is that they’re not exactly durable. They tend to wear out pretty fast, and, just like gun-cleaning patches, they’re replaceable and decently affordable.

How to choose the best metal cleaning brush?

In summary, you’ll need several metal cleaning brushes per gun. Different calibers/gauges demand different materials, so consider having several types of cleaning brushes at your disposal. Even though they’re relatively cheap, their rugged design makes them moderately reliable, which only signals that you’ll want to have at least three brushes at all times.

4.Gun-Cleaning Fluids

Most guns are made of materials that are prone to rust (with the exception of corrosion-free stainless-steel ones), and proper maintenance is in order if you wish to keep them functional. Using the gun-cleaning fluids can prevent this. Basically, the fluids you want to use range from anti-rust, over lube layers, to plain cleaning fluids, such as Gunslick’s degreaser, Dri-Lube’s lubricant, and such. There are 4 gun-cleaning fluid types

  • Solvents remove lead and fouling straight from your gun’s bore
  • Degreasers remove dirt or oil, depending on the model, allowing for a cleaner surface for the application of other gun-cleaning fluids
  • Lubricants, often simply called “lubes”, lubricate the gun parts, protecting the surface from rust​​​​
  • Protectants reduce the effects of harsh environments, and act like water repellents or corrosion repellants

How to choose the best gun cleaning fluid?

First of all, you need to decide which “hazard” is the most dominant concerning your guns. If your gun locker is in a damp place where moisture is present, you should go with protectant fluids. On the other hand, if your guns tend to collect grime and oil too fast, solvents and degreasers are perfect for you. Lubricants are always welcome.

5.Gun Toothbrush

Some tight spaces aren’t easy to reach with other gun-cleaning tools, so you can use a regular, or a specially designed gun toothbrush to clean them. Basically, the gun toothbrush is a clever little contraption that is more durable than a standard toothbrush, being outfitted with hardened “teeth” that can take out the grime and other fouling from your gun’s trigger, slide grooves, clip inside compartment, and such.

How to choose the best

Basically, you can’t pick a “wrong” gun toothbrush. They’re all made with the same concept in mind, while some are more affordable than the others. The only thing you need to keep an eye out for is the material of which the toothbrush is made.


Essentially, there’s a plethora of gun-cleaning tools, each requiring a different cleaning technique. Depending on the guns you have, you need to pick the right one, or even use several cleaning tools to get the job done right.

Keep in mind that specific, customized rifles might not be as easy to tackle down as standard-issue guns, and some of the tools we’ve recommended might not be suitable for that sort of a task. Nevertheless, as long as you intend to clean a regular gun, using these tools will prove valuable and sufficient.

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